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What conditions and equipment are needed to climb Mount Everest?

News Trade News2021-10-08 20:05:22

Climbing Mount Everest may be the dream of every adventurer, but it is not easy. Generally speaking, 10 out of 100 climbers failed to reach the summit of Mount Everest. To realize the dream of climbing Mount Everest, many things need to be well prepared. One of the most basic things to manage is climbing tools and equipment. At the same time, climbers are prepared mentally and physically. The correct climbing equipment plays a vital role in success.

Climbing Mount Everest is difficult and difficult, mainly in two aspects:

1. Physical fitness must be good

This includes physical strength, endurance, and willpower. The long-distance journey requires a lot of people's physical strength, the environment is relatively poor, and the altitude lacks oxygen. It consumes a lot of energy very much, and it is difficult to breathe. The weather is extremely cold, and the willpower is for people. It is a postgraduate entrance examination. If the willpower is not strong enough, it is easy to produce hallucinations. Human beings often produce hallucinations in extremely harsh environments. This is also very dangerous. Therefore, meeting the standards in all aspects of the body is absolutely the first!

2. Financial resources must be sufficient

No matter which method you choose, you must have at least the best equipment. The clothing, equipment, and various instruments and equipment for climbing the snow mountain must be at least complete, and then you can choose to go up the mountain alone or go climbing with a team. It's a small expense, but the risk factor is extremely high. I can't imagine climbing a mountain alone! If you choose a team to climb, you will have a systematic plan, do enough homework, and you have to prepare for a few years in advance. After all, aspects are suitable; you can climb together!

What kind of special physical training do people who climb Mount Everest need to do?

First of all, we must understand that Mount Everest is not suitable for beginners or people who want to train in snowy mountains. On high-altitude snow mountains, any mistakes may cause serious consequences that affect their lives and the lives of others. Therefore, strict and professional training is very necessary. First of all, year-round physical training is necessary. Of course, many mountaineering activities will directly help climb Mount Everest, but the gym exercise is also very helpful. Most of the climbers who participated in the climb of Mount Everest have more than ten years of the exercise experience. In these exercises, aerobic training and cardio training can be very helpful.

On the basis of year-round exercise, some preparation suggestions for challenging Mount Everest:

1. Follow a suitable coach for professional rock climbing training, master climbing equipment, ropes, and climbing skills.

2. In snowy mountains with an altitude of 2200 ~ 5000 meters, such as the Alps, follow professional guides for snow mountain climbing and adaptation training. Snow mountain climbing and rock climbing are different, and you need to master the use of crampons, snow spikes and other devices.

3. Before climbing Mount Everest, there should be at least one mountain climbing experience above 6000 meters (Nepal requires one above 8000 meters). For example, the Manaslu Peak (MANASLU), which is 8163 meters above sea level in Nepal, is often used as a practice peak for Mount Everest due to its high altitude and proximity to Mount Everest.

In addition to the above three points, each person's ability to adapt to high altitude is also a factor to be considered, and we must not relax our vigilance. High altitude maladaptation can cause illnesses of varying degrees from normal headaches, low appetite, incurable coughs and colds, hemoptysis to pulmonary edema, cerebral edema and so on.

Mountaineering headlamp

Watch out for altitude sickness.

Even if you have reached the threshold to climb Mount Everest, complex climate changes, sudden avalanches, and various plateau diseases caused by high altitude will make this adventure full of tests.

According to BBC statistics, as of March 21, 2019, more than 280 people have been killed on Mount Everest. By analyzing the causes of death of climbers from 2010 to 2018, data show that nearly half of the dead lost their lives due to avalanches, and the number of deaths due to mountain diseases and fatigue accounted for 16.6% and 12.5%, respectively.

Most people experience acute altitude sickness from about 2500 meters above sea level. The typical symptoms are headaches, sometimes accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and loss of enthusiasm.

"Acute mountain sickness" is a relatively mild high-risk disease. As long as the climber does not raise the altitude too fast but adopts a slow ascent method, his body has a process of buffering and adapting and taking appropriate measures such as acetyl Anti-hyper reaction drugs such as dorzolamide, or steroid drugs can greatly alleviate these symptoms.

More serious high-reflex diseases include high altitude cerebral edema (HACE), high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) and so on. Although the incidence of high altitude cerebral edema is less than 1%, once suffering from cerebral edema, a person's body balance and coordination will be affected, mood changes, accompanied by extreme fatigue, and even sudden fainting.
Among the group of climbers who climb between 3000 and 5500 meters, high altitude pulmonary edema incidence can exceed 8%. If water starts to accumulate in the lungs, the climber will feel more and more cramped, start to cough, and sometimes cough up bleeding sputum. Although these conditions are relatively rare, they can lead to the death of climbers.

In addition, frostbite, hypothermia and extreme fatigue can also threaten the health and life of climbers.

The following is a brief detail of the climbing equipment list, which is essential for climbing Mount Everest.

Everest climbing is a long-term activity lasting one and a half months to two months, so be sure to consider a full set of washable clothes and professional equipment.
Due to the large temperature difference between different altitudes, the simple principle of mountaineering clothing is to consider the difference between low altitude, medium altitude and high altitude.

clothing

Ordinary travel clothes to Tibet or Nepal, easy-to-dry and breathable shirts, warm shirts, wool sweatshirts, jackets, jackets, jackets, down suits (for high altitude), lightweight split down jackets, lightweight split down pants, Lightweight sports pants, thermal sports pants, thermal velvet pants, polypropylene long underwear, underwear, shorts, ordinary mountaineering gloves, thick gloves, thin gloves (can be put in thick gloves), sun-shading sports caps, thick ear protection hats, Bandana, hiking socks, hiking socks.

Sleep equipment

Suitable for sleeping bags, moisture-proof pads, tent shoes, high-altitude hiking boots, low-altitude hiking shoes, hiking shoes, snow covers, mountaineering equipment, seat belts, ordinary snap hooks, screw lock snap hooks, descenders, risers, which are adapted to minus 20 degrees Celsius. With rigging, ring, ice ax, trekking pole, crampons, helmet, headlamp; spare light bulb; battery, multi-function knife, sunglasses, high altitude goggles, water bottle, urinal bottle, large hiking bag (50-60 lt) , 50-60 lt daily backpack (30-35 lt), 30-35 lt alkaline battery AA, avalanche transceiver, Kit Bag high altitude alcohol stove mountain pot; mountain tableware height number sunscreen oxygen (usually by the expedition team Prepare) Climbing altitude watch.

Mountaineering headlamp

Find a Sherpa as a guide.

If you have indeed met the climbing conditions, have a clear understanding of the dangers that may be encountered during the ascent, and still have great enthusiasm and great courage, then remember to find a Sherpa before ascending the summit. Be a guide.

The Sherpas are a group of inhabitants living on the Tibetan Plateau. Most Sherpas now live in the Himalayas above 3000 meters above sea level. Their outstanding performance in mountaineering strength and endurance has always been of great interest to anthropologists, physiologists, altitude medical researchers and sports scientists. This group is known as the "third lung of the plateau."

In 1953, New Zealand mountaineer Edmund Hillary was the first to climb Mount Everest with the help of Sherpa young man Tenzin Norgay. There have been many mountain climbing talents among the Sherpas, the most famous of which is Babu, who set the world record of climbing Mount Everest in 16 hours and 56 seconds without an oxygen cylinder; in 1995, he had twice in two weeks. Climbed to the top; In 1999, he lived on the summit of Mount Everest for 20 hours.

Whether it is climbing speed or weight-bearing ability, Sherpas crushes ordinary people. But this is not only because of their adaptability but also because of their unique genetic characteristics. Modern research has found that there is a genetic mutation in the mitochondrial DNA of Sherpas, which makes their erythropoietin resistant to high altitude hypoxia.

Compared with ordinary people, Sherpas have a larger lung capacity, lower blood pressure, higher oxygen utilization rate, and denser capillary distribution, which makes them seem to have "superpowers" when climbing and do not need oxygen equipment. You can also climb the peak.

Since climbing Everest now has a huge commercial scale, the Sherpas have developed assistance in climbing as an important economic activity, but this work also makes them very dangerous. Almost all the supplies in the mountains, the installation of guide ropes, and search and rescue are undertaken by the Sherpas. They risk avalanches, falling into ice crevices, loss of temperature, frostbite, physical exhaustion, etc., and cause death and disability at work. Compensation is often not guaranteed.

The environment on the top of the mountain is very harsh, and it is not possible to climb to the summit at once. There will be many reasons for failure. Wind, avalanches, and many other factors will cause the summit to fail. Maybe everyone will try many times, so it is not just money spent. You can climb to the top, and many times it is in vain. So climbing Everest is not a trifle. You should prepare enough financial resources, exercise your body, and become familiar with the essentials of knowledge, etc., then go to Mount Everest!

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