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What do miners who work in the mine need to pay attention to? How to ensure safety?

News Trade News2021-09-19 19:55:11

The “ten rights” of coal mining enterprise employees’ safety in production include: workers have the right not to go out of the well if they lead the shift; workers have the right not to go out of the well if the shift lead is early; workers have the right not to work if they do not investigate potential safety hazards; and that managers have the right to conduct illegally. Workers have the right not to implement them; workers have the right not to start work without safety measures; workers have the right not to go to the well if they do not organize pre-class safety studies; they have not conducted safety inspections of the “triad” (squad leader, safety inspector, and gas inspector). Workers have the right not to start work; if the detection and monitoring system is not installed in place and the operation is abnormal, workers have the right not to start work; workers who are not equipped with fully qualified labor protection and protective equipment have the right not to go down; the disaster escape route is not marked, and workers have the right not to go down. Coal mines shall not withhold wages or dismiss employees for the above reasons.

Helmet headlamp

The death rate of the American mining industry is low because the United States has strict laws on mining.

All the mining industries in the United States are protected by the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977, which has been in existence for 42 years. All solid mining industries in the United States are subject to this law, including underground and surface mining, large-scale and small-scale mining, etc. In addition, coal, metal products, non-metallic minerals, ore, gravel and cement are also involved. This law has important implications for mine management, miners, and the federal government. All mining enterprises are privately owned, and their operators have the ultimate control and responsibility for safety and health conditions. State governments, educational institutions, mining equipment manufacturers and other departments in the United States also have a special role in ensuring the safety and health of miners.

The law grants the U.S. Department of Labor a wide range of rights.

The Bureau of Mine Safety and Health has been established under the Department of Labor. Since its establishment in 1910, it has played an increasingly important role in mine safety and health. It can supervise the safety of all mining operations in the United States. An important part of the law is to stipulate that its control jurisdiction shall override state laws.
The U.S. Mine Safety and Health Administration is responsible for conducting thorough federal investigations: four surveys of underground mining companies and two surveys of surface mining companies are conducted every year: miner representatives are selected from each mining company through free elections, and U.S. mines Representatives of the Safety and Health Bureau launched an investigation together. Anyone who violates the federal mine safety and health standards must be rectified within a limited time limit and be subject to financial penalties. Take coercive measures when necessary, including an order to evacuate miners from the mine or the area in the event of malicious sabotage or crime. For the most serious violations, the Ministry of Justice can be prosecuted.

In the United States, the law gives miners the right to receive safety and health training.

Mine operators, educational institutions, consultants or other qualified personnel can provide training services. The state government can also provide training to miners with funding from the Mine Health Bureau.
In addition, the Mine Safety and Health Bureau also provides technical support to help mine operators solve safety and health problems. The technicians of the Mine Safety and Health Bureau also participate in accident investigation and inspection, and approve the equipment used in the mine, and deal with emergencies. In addition, professional equipment is also provided to assist the miners in rescue work. And provide advice on how to control the emergency situation in the mine.

Since the legislation in 1977, the mine mortality rate in the United States has been reduced by 80%, which is enough to reflect the importance of the law. In the past three years, the United States has changed its law enforcement. In other words, the three parts just mentioned are equally important to implement because the United States believes that a balanced approach is an important way to reduce mortality.

In addition, there is another important reason for the low mortality rate of the American mining industry, that is, American mines provide better ventilation systems than Chinese mines.

In addition, American mines also use a substance called rock dust, which is crushed rock. Apply this substance around the entrance of the mine. The purpose of this is to effectively suppress the extension of the explosion. Of course, there are very strict regulations on the use of rock dust.

The United States attaches great importance to the training of miners.

Workers must receive training before starting to work and will also receive new training every year thereafter.If their functions change, they must receive training again. In addition, before the workers enter the mine, the mine must undergo a safety inspection, that is to say before the worker goes down, the mine must be ensured that the mine is safe, and the name of the inspector and the result of the inspection must be put on record. Moreover, such a safety inspection must be carried out before each shift to ensure the safety of miners.

Second, miners enjoy extensive rights under U.S. law, and they can refuse to do work that they consider dangerous.

There is also the right to accompany the inspectors of the Mine Safety and Health Bureau to inspect the safety status of the mine and can be paid from it. (U.S. law stipulates that this remuneration is paid by the company where the worker works, and this falls within the scope of work.)

if the miners feel that the conditions of the mine are not good, they can complain to the Mine Health Bureau.

The U.S. Mine Health Service will respond immediately after receiving a worker's complaint and promptly investigate whether the complaint is justified.

Although the U.S. mining industry is relatively safe in the world, the U.S. will continue to increase its assistance to the mining industry that meets the standards. At the same time, it will focus on providing the most appropriate safety practice information, enhancing public two-way communication, and encouraging all Mine managers and employees to regard safety and health awareness as a basic evaluation criterion to further protect the mining industry's safety.

It is not enough for each underground personnel to know how to prevent and eliminate accidents.

They must also know and master how to carry out self-rescue and mutual rescue correctly and quickly so that they and other personnel can be rescued safely.

Self-rescue is a method for each worker in the disaster area or the area affected by the disaster to avoid disasters and protect themselves when an accidental disaster occurs underground.

Mutual rescue is a method to rescue the injured in the disaster area on the basis of effective self-rescue. In order to achieve the goal of self-rescue and mutual rescue of miners, each underground worker must be familiar with and master the disaster prevention in the mine, skillfully use self-rescuers, master the signs, nature, characteristics and disaster avoidance methods of various disasters, and rescue the disaster areas.

Basic methods for the injured and learn the most basic on-site first aid operation techniques. The leaders of each coal mine should train all coal mine workers in this area in a planned way. Those who are not proficient in self-rescue, mutual rescue and on-site first aid operations cannot be regarded as qualified miners and are not allowed to go down the mine.

Helmet headlamp

After underground disaster accidents occur, there is generally a development process from small to large. Good on-site rescue work can eliminate the accident in the bud. The specific methods are as follows:

1. When an accident occurs, the people present must be clear-headed, calm, and calm, and try to understand and judge the location, nature, degree of disaster, and location that may be affected by accident, and report to the mine dispatching office quickly.

2. Under the conditions of ensuring the safety of personnel, use nearby equipment, tools and materials to deal with them in time to eliminate the accident. In case of a situation, choose a safe route to quickly evacuate from the dangerous area. When evacuating, don't panic, yell and run around.

3. The safety status of coal mines generally shows a relatively stable and improving development trend, but the prevention and control of coal mine accidents still face severe challenges. Despite the strict requirements of the competent authorities at all levels, most coal mine enterprises have strengthened safety protection measures. However, the importance of the education of miners' safe self-help and mutual rescue is often overlooked. It is not enough for every underground personnel to know how to prevent and eliminate accidents. They must also know and master how to carry out self-rescue and mutual rescue correctly and quickly so that they and other personnel can be rescued safely. A large number of cases show that after an accident in a mine, it is impossible for the mine rescue team to arrive at the accident site immediately. If miners can take timely measures in the early stage of the accident and correctly carry out self-rescue and mutual rescue, it can reduce the degree of accident hazards and reduce casualties.

Overview of self-rescue and mutual rescue The so-called self-rescue and mutual rescue are methods for each staff member in the disaster area or affected area to avoid disasters and rescue each other when an accident occurs underground.

The effectiveness of self-help and mutual help depends on the correctness of the methods of self-help and mutual help. To achieve the goal of self-rescue and mutual rescue, one must have and master certain knowledge of safe production and mine disasters; be familiar with and master the disaster prevention and accident handling plans of the mine where you are located; be familiar with the ventilation status, disaster avoidance routes and safety exits of the mine; proficient Use self-rescuers locally, judge and analyze the ability of accidents and avoid disasters when disasters occur; techniques and methods for self-rescue and mutual rescue, etc. Organizing self-rescue and mutual rescue in a correct and timely manner is a tool for avoiding or reducing casualties.

Self-rescue facility

When underground fires, gas and coal dust explosions, coal and gas or carbon dioxide outbursts occur, underground personnel should immediately wear self-rescuers to escape danger to avoid poisoning or suffocation.

There are two types of self-rescuers:

filtering type and isolation type. The filter self-rescuer is actually a small gas mask, which can absorb carbon monoxide in the air; the isolated self-rescuer is a small oxygen breathing apparatus, which can use the chemicals inside the self-rescuer to produce through chemical reactions Oxygen for the wearer to breathe.

When wearing the filter self-rescuer, hold the bottom of the shell with your left hand, lift the red handle with your right hand, pull off the sealing tape, remove the upper cover of the shell, and take the medicine tank out of the shell. Then pull the nose clip from the mouthpiece, put the mouthpiece into the mouth, and bite the tooth pad, but the lips must be close to the mouthpiece, and the nose clip must be used to clamp the nose. Take off the mining cap, put the headband on the top of your head, and then put on the mining cap and breathe with your mouth.Lamps can be equipped on the mining cap, collectively referred to as helmet headlamps. You can use the helmet to protect your head and free your hands while illuminating, allowing you to perform underground work better. Now there are many portable You can choose the headlamp on the helmet here:

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