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What equipment do you prepare for outdoor camping in winter? What are the precautions?

News Trade News2021-09-27 19:53:08

Outdoor camping is the favourite of many outdoor activity enthusiasts. They like to experience outdoor life regardless of whether the season is cold or hot. So what are the precautions for outdoor camping in winter? The following introduces you to the whole strategy of outdoor camping equipment in winter; let’s take a look Look at it.

What is the winter outdoor camping equipment?
Since our general activities are at low altitudes, the following experience is only applicable to low-altitude mountainous areas in northern winter.

1. Marching dress

(1) Outdoor clothing in winter:

Usually three layers (not counting underwear, some people don't wear it to prevent abrasion): the first layer, underwear: low altitude is not too particular (high altitude is called cotton underwear, "dead clothes", made) but try not to Pure cotton underwear, the lower body can even remove this layer of fleece pants directly. The second layer, fleece pants: it is best not to find substitutes because all the substitutes are more expensive than fleece pants. The advantage of fleece is that it is quick-drying, perspiration-wicking, lightweight, and still has a certain thermal insulation function in wet conditions. (Fleece pants are generally 10-20 yuan) The third layer, outerwear: generally referred to as pants, windproof fleece, or loose party style clothes, such as wind-shielding clothes, mainly used to prevent body heat from being winded Take away, block the air-conditioning, prevent the snow from wetting the body, etc. Everyone can understand it, so I won't say more. Now I usually have two layers for my upper body. The fleece and jacket are combined into one. The inner layer of sweat-wicking underwear and a windproof fleece has greatly improved the air permeability. With the advancement of technology, many concepts need to be changed.

(2) Shoes:

At the very least, you need to have or waterproof military boots (the cheapest ones are military suede big-toed shoes). The body heat can quickly melt the residual snow on the upper. If the shoes have poor water discharge or are not thick enough (the insulation layer is thin), It is easy to get the shoes wet, and you may not feel anything when you walk in the winter. Once you stop for a long time, it will be uncomfortable and even easy to frostbite. The next day your shoes will freeze and become "iron shoes" without the support of body temperature. There are also shoes and shoes that should not be burnt. I have seen too many examples of scrapping, and I scrapped one pair.

(3) Gloves and hats:

A large part of the human body does not emit heat from the head (for example, the general head sweats easily, which can prove the heat dissipation effect of the head.), especially on windy days. It doesn't seem to matter when you walk; you can't stop, so you need to have a cap or something. The current jacket design generally has a hat. The glove is not obvious during walking, just a thin one.

(4) Snow cover:

Many people's wet shoes are not bad shoes. The problem is that the snow enters the shoes. Some have their own snow cover, but I think it is not easy to use. It is still necessary to have a special snow cover to prevent "leakage". You can also wear assault pants. The trousers help a rope through the sole of the shoe, which has the same function as a snow cover.

(5) Drinking water:

Not much to say; it's best to have a heat preservation pot. Stop and drink hot water, and you can feel what is "happiness". This is something you can't feel at home. We usually use hot water while sighing. Writing: "So happy!."

(6) Crampons:

Although it has nothing to do with cold or warm, when it comes to winter, it must be mentioned. When crampons are walking on glaciers and climbing large-angle hillsides, they are most obvious when walking on glaciers. The water purity in the mountains is high and slippery, and they are all from top to bottom. The flowing springs all have a certain slope and are simply untenable. Action without crampons is greatly restricted, and the most important thing is personal safety. With it, the safety factor is greatly improved.

Winter camping headlamps

2. Winter camping

(1) Camp dressing:

After arriving at the camp, first put on warm clothes (down jackets are essential in winter and are useful.) Dry socks, cold-proof gloves, etc.

(2) Construction:

The winter wind in the north is strong, especially in the mountains. The key is to maximize the performance of the tent. A general tent includes several main parts, such as outer tents, inner tents, tent poles, windproof ropes, and ground nails. In camps, you can tie a windproof rope to a tree instead of ground nails. In winter, in extraordinary areas, because the tent nails are generally not nailed in because of the frozen soil, you need to bring more than 3 inches of iron or steel nails for ordinary carpenters. If it is too heavy, the ground nails There are more; you can bring one. Find a good place to nail it in and pull it out with pliers or ice axe, and nail it on the aluminium floor. Alternative to ground nails: When you don't have ground nails, you can also tie some items to one end of the windproof rope and bury them In snow or Sand (such as long branches, ice axes, etc.). The snow will freeze and become very firm very quickly. It will be more difficult to take out the next day. Where there are rocks, you can tie them to the rocks instead of nails. Make them as required. After that, your tent should be taut on all sides; if not, adjust the pegs again (if it doesn't work, your tent design is defective). Okay, your tent is "boom" like a bass drum. "Boom." This way, your tent can achieve the best wind resistance.

Three, winter lighting

There is no light source outdoors at night, so be sure to bring headlamps to use in the camp. It is very convenient when walking at night, getting in and out of the tent at night, and looking for things in the tent. In winter, the working time of the battery will be greatly reduced, so the working time of cold outdoor cameras, handstands and other electrical appliances will be shortened by half, and cold-resistant headlamps or solar headlamps can solve part of the problem.

Winter camping headlamps

Fourth, light a fire in winter.

(1) Fire prevention:

in winter, when the equipment is not enough (now there are more stoves as much as possible, but you need to master it. It is really hard to imagine without a fire, a bonfire can not only heat food, boil water, cook, but also warm it, but it's dry and dry in winter) A little carelessness may cause mountain fires, which will lead to jail time. So be sure not to play with Fire on a windy day. Keep bonfires away from grass and bushes. You must have the necessary "fire fighting facilities", that is, prepare some water, snow, Sand, Mud, etc. are used to extinguish fires.

(2) Lei Stove:

The stones are placed in a circle shape. In order to prevent the firewood from being blown away by the north wind, it is best to dig pits or make use of natural pits. Of course, the frozen soil in winter is difficult to dig, just like an emerald. The sandy ground is also as hard as cement in winter.

(3) The order of placing the firewood:

(If there is kerosene and other combustibles to start the Fire, it doesn't have to be so troublesome. The damp firewood will be lit up.) The bonfire is set up in the shape of "people" or "well". "Two" shape is good; when lighting the paper with a match, it will light up the branches, and so on, a bonfire will start! One match is done!

(4) Burns and frostbite medicine:

There are many chances of exposure to fire in winter, and the probability of burns is greater. I don't need to explain frostbite cream, right?

Five, other

Water source, steam cans, shoes, lighters: in winter, it is a very common temperature in the mountains at night at minus 14, 5 degrees Celsius, and other liquids except liquor will freeze into ice cubes even if they are placed in a tent overnight. Put them directly in The underfoot of the sleeping bag keeps warm, which is also convenient for thirsty drinking at night. The shoes become damp during the day, and the low temperature at night will become iron shoes. It is very painful to wear them in the morning, so put them in a plastic bag and put them in a tent or even a sleeping bag. It will soften after a while. Low temperature has an impact on the combustion of many steam cans, especially long cans and poor quality. If you want to get up in the morning and cook some hot food without having to wait for heating in your arms, you must put it in a sleeping bag to keep it warm at night. In winter, whether you smoke or not, you must bring more than one lighter. Do not use electric lighters and zippo lighters. Disposable flint lighters and matches are best to use. You must bring a few more on your body. , Fire can save your life.

Precautions for outdoor camping in winter

1. It is important to keep the clothes dry, especially the gloves and socks.

(1) Night clothes are best dried with Fire or put in sleeping bags and use body temperature to dry them during sleep.

(2) Shoes should also be placed inside the sleeping bag. For example, if you put the shoes outside the sleeping bag, they will be frozen hard by the next morning, which will not only be difficult to wear but will also scratch your feet. It takes more than an hour to thaw the frozen shoes.

(3) Do not wear shoes to bake your feet. This will not only make it difficult to dry but also cause moisture to form in the shoes. When you go out, walking in the snow and ice will condense into ice, which is prone to frostbite.

(4) Put a plastic bag on the socks and then put on shoes to keep your feet warm and moisture-proof.

(5) Take off the heat preservation jacket of the military kettle filled with hot water and hold it in your arms to keep warm and wash your face the next day.

(6) Wear a jacket on the outermost layer. It is recommended to use a fabric with good breathability. Because the possibility of rain in winter is not very likely, windproof and breathability are particularly important. Of course, you can also wear a softshell, and the effect is also very good.

(7) The middle layer can choose fleece material with good heat preservation performance because the fleece itself does not absorb water, has a good perspiration effect, and can also fix a certain amount of air, which has a good warmth retention effect. Choose fleece as much as possible. Delicate and thick, so the warming effect will be much better.

(8) Of course, the innermost layer is the sweat-wicking layer. It is best to choose sweat-wicking underwear. If you don't have sweat-wicking underwear, you can also choose quick-drying, but you must not wear cotton underwear; otherwise, it will be comfortable when you walk. It will be cold.

2. Snow camp sleeping bags cannot be placed directly on the snowy ground. Pine branches and coats can be laid under the sleeping bag to prevent the human body from melting the ice and chilling.

(1) Before using the sleeping bag, make it sufficiently fluffy so that the heat preservation effect is better. Sleeping bags must always be kept dry, and they should be dried on sunny days. After each use, let off the warm air in the bag to prevent the warm air from condensing and wetting the sleeping bag when it gets cold.

(2) Do not wear too many clothes when entering the sleeping bag. Wearing too much will make people sweat, which will make the sleeping bag damp and reduce the thermal insulation performance.

Winter camping headlamps

3. Pay attention to weather changes, don't worry about changing or abandoning your plan. In severe cold, high mountains or predictable bad weather, it is best to go out with more than four people so that when emergency rescue is needed, everyone will not act alone.

(1) Prevent snow blindness. If you don't have snow goggles or sunglasses, you can temporarily dig two long and narrow slits on a small piece of cardboard, thin wood, leather or cloth to cover your eyes for protection.

(2) If you feel cold before waking up in the morning or going to bed at night, you can do some exercises in the sleeping bag (sit-ups, squeeze buttocks, massage hands and legs, etc.) and drink a hot drink. This can maintain body temperature.

(3) Wear a hat and gloves. Most of the body's heat is dissipated through the head, and it is very important to keep the temperature and flexibility of the fingers. Don't wear socks; your toes need to be kept warm by activities.

(4) Wear a few more layers of artificial wool or pure wool fabric. Pure cotton fabric is fatal. If you wear cotton clothes and start to get cold, you'd better take them off and put on non-cotton underwear or a jacket. Because cotton fabric loses heat preservation performance once it gets wet, and it is difficult to dry.

4. Put drinking water into the sleeping bag when you go to bed. When you wake up early the next day, you won't worry about holding a frozen kettle.

5. Choose a camp to find shelter from the wind. Try to choose a slope facing east so that the tent can be exposed to the sun after sunrise. Remember to look around. In addition to the usual dangers, you should also pay attention to the possibility of avalanches nearby and whether the snow on the branches will be blown off by strong winds. Shrubs or boulders are ideal campsites (without the above dangers). You can also build your own camp and build a snow wall. Avoid choosing places where cold air gathers, such as canyons.

(1) Before camping, use a sledge or snowshoes to step on solid flat ground so that you will not sink into the soft snow when you climb into the tent.

(2) Even if the weather is good, fix the tent. In addition to using snow spikes (slightly flatter and wider than ordinary ground spikes), you can also use sledges, snow poles, and ice axes to reinforce.

(3) When camping in the snow, clothing, water bottle, camera, film, etc., are best placed in a sleeping bag.
Keep temperature during winter camping.

6. The biggest danger outdoors in winter is the low temperature during hiking and camping. It must be kept warm to prevent frostbite and loss of temperature.

(1) Once you stop moving forward, your body will stop producing heat. The precursor of loss of temperature is the inability to perform key mechanical movements, such as the inability to open the backpack, the inability to tear the package of small foods, or even the stroke of a match. Victims of hypothermia are often unaware that they are in danger, and sometimes just want to lie down and sleep. Once they fall asleep, they will never get up again.

(2) If you feel cold before waking up in the morning or going to bed at night, you can do some exercises in the sleeping bag (sit-ups, squeeze buttocks, massage hands and legs, etc.) and drink a hot drink. This can maintain body temperature.

(3) Always keep a set of dry clothes and a pair of socks for spare. After walking all day, dry clothes are life-saving.

7. Outdoor water intake in winter

Summer outdoor water, if the water source is more reliable, can be directly boiled for drinking, but in winter, the ground is frozen, and the calories needed for camping is nearly twice as much as usual (just keeping the body temperature during sleep will consume more calories than daily ), many times we need to melt snow or ice to get water and drink boiled water to add calories.

(1) Snow melting
There must be a little water in the bottom of the pot before melting the snow. Otherwise, the directly melted snow will have a burnt smell. If you have a few hours of fine weather, you can put the snow in a black garbage bag, tie the mouth of the bag, and expose it to the sun until the snow melts. The snow melted by this method is best used for cooking food. If it is drunk directly, it will have a slight plastic taste.

(2) Freezing
Put drinking water in your sleeping bag when you go to bed. When you wake up early the next day, you won't worry about holding a frozen kettle. An insulating sleeve can be used to prevent the water in the kettle from freezing.

(3) Kettle
Wide-mouthed kettles are more practical than narrow-mouthed kettles in winter because it is more convenient to fetch water from frozen springs. Easier to operate when wearing gloves. You can also add snow to the kettle with a spoon.
If you fill the kettle with boiling water and tighten the lid, the water in the kettle will shrink during the cooling process, causing the plastic to soften and deform. To prevent this from happening, open the lid of the kettle every 15 minutes to release water vapour and balance the internal and external pressures.

Winter camping headlamps

Outdoor cooking in winter

1. Carry fast food

Fast food is equally important for maintaining body temperature and energy. In order to replenish physical strength, backpackers need to carry heavier supplies in winter, about one kilogram per person per day, and it is best to use fast food. Because it requires more fuel in winter and wearing gloves, it is inconvenient to operate—the fewer steps and time used for cooking, the better. Instant soup is a necessity, not only to warm the body but also to prevent loss of temperature and dehydration.

2. Lunch calories

It is advisable to choose high-calorie foods containing fat for lunch. Peanut products, canned fish, etc., are good but easy to freeze. One hour before lunch, the food can be taken out and put in a close-fitting pocket to thaw. You can carry as much as you can according to your personal preferences (chocolate, compressed biscuits, dried fruits, etc.). Sleepy and hungry, especially when you feel cold. Snacks should be placed where they can be easily accessed without taking off the backpack, and some should be prepared in the tent at night.

3. Heat and cook rice

A cushion is placed under the burner to slow down the heat from the burner to the ground and prevent the snow below it from melting. There are three lighter mats to choose from: plastic floor mats, old mouse pads, and square foam pads wrapped with tape. Use heat reflectors, windshields, etc.

The temperature of the gas tank is the same as the air temperature and is often below zero. Direct contact with your fingers will cause frostbite. Use tape to wrap several layers of the gas tank, adding an extra layer of insulation between the fingers and the gas tank.

When going out in winter, few people usually camp in the snow. But in order to appreciate some extreme scenes, waiting for the opportunity that is not to be missed, camping is necessary, such as shooting star trails in the snow or watching the sunrise on the snow-capped mountains. So I hope the above article can be helpful to you.

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