The main technical equipment required for ice climbing:
1. Ice ax:
The short ice ax from COMP in Italy is the best. It has several movable heads for replacement. The end of the handle has a rope sleeve, which is put on the wrist to prevent it from slipping off.
2. Alpine boots: essential for climbing snow-capped mountains.
There is a waterproof layer on the surface of the boots; some are divided into outer boots, inner boots, outer boots are waterproof and wear-resistant, and inner boots are insulated.
3. Crampons: Use with mountain boots.
They are divided into eight teeth, 12 teeth, 16 teeth, and so on. There are two types of card type and binding type. The card type is convenient to use, especially when the external conditions change or the environment is bad; just take out the crampons and buckle the mountain boots. The bundled type is safe, firm, and reliable.
4. Ice cone:
It is made of alloy steel, in a hollow spiral shape, fixed on the ice surface, and rotates deeply into the ice layer. It plays the role of fixing the main rope and protecting it on the ice surface.
5. Others are waterproof main ropes, helmets, waterproof clothing, snow cover, waterproof gloves, safety belts, nooses, etc.
Pay attention to safety matters.
When piercing the ice ax into the ice surface, do not use too much force, and do not shake the ice ax, as this will break the ice surface and affect its stability. When kicking, force the tip of the crampons into the ice. Whether the crampons can be firmly anchored on the ice surface is related to the stability of the body and the quality of climbing. The correct action is to lift the foot while taking the knee joint as the axis and use the weight of the hiking shoes to make the foot kick forward steadily so that the first two front teeth of the crampons can penetrate the ice surface. Note: Do not shake your feet up and down, which will easily break the ice surface and become unstable. In addition, the feet should be straight.
★Survey the terrain, examine the ice quality, choose the climbing route and time before ice climbing.
★Master the weather changes. Ice quality and weather have the greatest impact on ice climbing. Ice climbing is not suitable for areas where the ice is too brittle. The ice that is too brittle is easy to break, and the ice ax and crampons cannot be grasped. The ice layer on a good ice surface may be slightly softer, and the inner layer may be harder. The ice is not easy to break when the ice ax is knocked down.
★Safety ropes are needed to protect the ice waterfall when the ice quality is not good, or the situation is dangerous.
★Except for some artificially poured ice walls, ice climbing is generally selected in deep mountains and valleys. The wind in deep mountains and valleys is very strong, and windy days are not conducive to ice climbing.
★When piercing the ice ax into the ice surface, do not use too much force and do not shake the ice ax, as this will break the ice surface and affect its stability.
★Push the crampons firmly into the ice when kicking. The correct action is to lift the foot while taking the knee joint as the axis. Use the weight of the hiking shoes to make the foot kick forward steadily so that the two front teeth of the crampons can penetrate the ice surface, and the second tooth should be against the ice. Noodle.
★In addition to the necessary protective measures such as seat belts, a helmet must be worn when ice climbing to prevent the ice from falling.
★Because ice climbing requires the assistance of two hands, there are many inconveniences in carrying lighting equipment such as flashlights so that you can carry a WaterproofCOB + XPE LED headlamp. Wearing the headlamp on your helmet can free your hands and bring you light.
Note: Do not shake your feet up and down, otherwise the ice surface will be broken and not firm. In addition, your feet should be straight. If you plunge into the ice in a figure-eight shape, the crampons will not be able to fully play the role.